Fertilizing your garden is essential to improve the quality of the soil. It adds important nutrients and humus to the soil that plants require to grow well. The ways of fertilization you use will depend on the type of soil and the crops you want to grow in your garden. So what are some of the ways to fertilize your garden? Below are five ways you can use to fertilize your garden.
Compost is a common way of fertilizing gardens. It allows the return of essential nutrients to the soil to help improve the quality of soil and fertility. Compost can be created in a compost pile in your backyard. It is prepared by combining grass clippings, garden plants, leaves, and kitchen scraps among other waste organic materials. There are things to avoid putting in your compost like coal ash. To make sure your compost works best, let it stay for a few months to be ready for use. You can also decide to purchase compost which is sold in bags.
2. Plants and Wood Ash
Grass clippings make good organic fertilizer. They are high in nitrogen and provide moisture to soil as well as preventing the growth of weeds when applied in thin layers. Always use freshly cut grass that is free from diseases and one that has not been treated with herbicides.
You can also use wood ash and sawdust as fertilizer. These add calcium and potassium as well as raising the pH of the soil to make it ideal for growing vegetables and low pH crops. Wood ash can easily be available at the bottom of a fire pit while you can get sawdust from a wood shop.
3. Dry Fertilizers
These are organic fertilizers that come in pellets or granules which you add to the planting holes when planting. You can also spread them around the transplants or broadcast them on your garden. These fertilizers very effective even to the delicate seedlings.
4. Use of Animal Products
Animal products can also make great natural fertilizer. Droppings from cows and pigs when collected and left for some months can help form good manure for your garden. Droppings from birds like chicken can also be a good source of manure to your vegetable garden.
You can also decide to spread worm castings on your garden to act as fertilizer. These contain valuable minerals that are beneficial to the soil. Worm castings are available from garden stores.
Fish heads and bones contain important plant nutrients such as phosphorus, potassium, amino acids and nitrogen. You can, therefore, use fish heads and bones from fish like salmon to make fish fertilizer that you can use in your garden.
5. Liquid Fertilizers
Liquid fertilizers come in form of concentrates. You have to mix them with some proportion of water before applying them to your garden. These fertilizers can be easily be absorbed by plant roots and are therefore very effective in ensuring plant growth. It is advisable to follow the instructions that come with these fertilizers to ensure you mix the water and fertilizer in correct proportions before applying on the roots of your plants.
Besides being cost effective the above ways will help regain the fertility of your garden and ensure you increase your yields.
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